The National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS) was founded in 1997 as a stand-alone national graduate university focused on policy studies. Future policy leaders and researchers from all over the world gather here, forming an international research hub.
The Graduate School of Policy Science (GSPS), the predecessor of the National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS), was established at Saitama University in 1977 as a new kind of graduate school. GSPS aimed to promote interdisciplinary policy research that had the potential to contribute in an effective manner to the making of appropriate policies for the real world and to train administrative officials and policy analysts equipped with policy analysis and policy-making skills backed by a scientific approach and methods. Established as an institute to engage in graduate-level research and education, GSPS took the form of an independent graduate school that was separate from undergraduate programs, with the appropriate academic staff, facilities, and equipment.
Over the first twenty years of its existence, GSPS gained a unique reputation for producing mid-career government officials who had a clear understanding of policy issues. Central and local governments and government-related institutions regularly sent their most promising officials to GSPS, where, under the instruction of their professors, they engaged in the intellectual task of structuring and analyzing policy issues. At the same time, GSPS academic faculty developed interdisciplinary policy research. Through these activities, GSPS led the field of policy studies in Japan.
With the advance of research and education in the field of policy studies, the question arose as to whether policy research could be further advanced if the school were independent. Behind this lay the awareness that Japan needed to quickly enhance its system for promoting policy research. There had been too few studies conducted on the governmental and administrative structures that had supported the nation’s economic growth, and Japan was about to enter a new stage amid a domestic and international situation that was changing at a dizzying pace. Thus, it was crucial for Japan to study its policies from their very foundations in order to envision the future of the country and create appropriate policies. In addition, there had been a dramatic rise in international interest in Japan’s policy system, and it was becoming increasingly important for Japan to explain its policies and contribute to global advancement and international collaboration.
In response, the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture (today’s Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology) set up a committee to study the future of policy studies and education in Japan. In March 1994, the committee proposed the creation of an independent graduate institute befitting the unique character of the academic discipline of policy research. Budgetary steps were taken to prepare for the establishment of the National Institute of Policy Studies (tentative name), and a committee to prepare for the founding of the institute was formed in June 1994. This committee of experts set up a special subcommittee and held deliberations to give concrete form to the new concept, including asking experts from industry, government, and academia to provide special cooperation, and referring to input provided by various sectors of society.
In October 1997, the National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS) was established as a new type of independent graduate university. GRIPS’ mandate was to promote high-level policy research and respond to various domestic and international needs based on international intellectual cooperation and the cooperation of leading members of Japan’s political, industrial, government, and academic circles.
As a graduate school whose students are mostly practitioners working in public organizations, GRIPS could offer an ideal learning opportunity for those who try to enhance their practical capacity for policy formulation and implementation. Not only academic theoretical knowledge of the global standard but also practical experiences in government operation could be learnt systematically.
GRIPS has strength in imparting Japan’s successful experiences in the development process, which remain to be largely inaccessible to foreigners. By guidance of our professors with rich practical experiences in operations of the Government of Japan, students could enhance their practical capacity by adapting Japan’s policy experiences into their own particular contexts of their countries.
GRIPS could also facilitate students to enhance their practical capacity to lead and manage a public organization, focusing at capacity to make a reform within a public organization. A large scale comparative study about leadership and management in public organizations in Asia has been conducted with Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and major national civil service organizations in ASEAN. Latest finding from the research will be shared with students so that they could rethink effective leadership and management models best suited to the cultures and contexts of their countries.
The MP1 curriculum is made up of an introductory course in policy studies, policy debate seminars and a wide variety of courses to acquire basic knowledge of economics, political science, statistics, and policy studies. Students acquire more specialized knowledge by taking courses in one of several concentration areas. Current concentration areas are: Economic Policy, International Development Studies, International Relations, and Public Policy. A wide range of elective courses offers students the opportunity to broaden and/or deepen their knowledge. Practical courses are offered by government officials with extensive experience in actual policy formulation and implementation.
Students produce a policy report in one of the approved concentration areas. The first of two policy debate seminars, following an introductory course of public policy, develops basic managerial and research skills and helps students select a suitable area of concentration. The second seminar, supervised by highly qualified specialists, assist students in choosing a research topic and developing their policy report. In the Summer Program, students work in interdisciplinary teams on important real-world policy issues. This combination of academic and practical knowledge is the hallmark of a GRIPS education.
|Course title||Credit||Instructor||Targeted students/ Term offered|
|Introduction to Public Policy Studies||2||Horie, Petchko||Fall|
|Policy Debate Seminar I||2||Hosoe et al.||Winter|
|Policy Debate Seminar II||2||Hosoe et al.||Spring|
|Microeconomics I||2||Wie||Fall (Session I)|
|Government and Market||2||Hatanaka||Winter|
|Macroeconomics II||2||Rhodes||Fall (Session II)|
|Introduction to Applied Econometrics||2||Chen||Fall|
|Gender and Development||2||Estudillo||Spring (Session I)|
|Poverty Alleviation||2||Estudillo||Spring (Session II)|
|Strategy of Economic Development||2||Otsuka||Spring|
|Trade and Industrial Development||2||Sonobe||Spring|
|Resource and Energy Economics||2||Tanaka Makoto||Winter|
|GRIPS Forum||2||Yokomichi||Fall, Spring|
|Comparative Development Studies of Asia||2||Kawano||Spring|
|Government and Politics in Japan||2||Masuyama||Fall|
|International Political Economy||2||Chey||Fall|
|International Security Studies||2||Michishita||Winter|
|Chinese Foreign Policy||2||TBA||TBA|
|American Foreign Policy||2||TBA||TBA|
|Military Operations, Strategy, and Policy||2||Michishita , etal.||Winter|
|Comparative State Formation||2||Onimaru||Spring|
|State and Politics in Southeast Asia||2||Khoo||Winter|
|State and Politics in Africa||2||Takeuchi||Fall|
|Structure and Process of Government||2||Horie||Spring|
|National Security Policy||2||TBA||TBA|
|Political Economy of Modern Japan||2||Tsunekawa||Spring|
|Politics of Global Money and Finance||2||Chey||Fall|
|Transnational Organized Crime and Security||2||Fukumi||Summer|
|International Relations of the Asia Pacific||2||TBA||Winter|
|Comparative Political Economy||2||Kanchoochat||Fall|
|International Relations in Europe||2||Iwama||Spring|
|Development Cooperation Policy||2||Kobayashi||TBA|
|Introduction to Quantitative Methods||2||Oyama, Morohosi||Fall|
1. Graduation requirements: Students must complete a minimum of 30 credits,
*Courses offered in the programs are subject to change.
Also, refer to our website:
|Hyoung-kyu Chey [International Relations]||http://www.grips.ac.jp/list/en/facultyinfo/chey_hyoung-kyu/|
|Makoto Tanaka [Economic Policy]||http://www.grips.ac.jp/list/en/facultyinfo/tanaka_makoto/|
|Jonna P. Estudillo [International Development Studies]||http://www.grips.ac.jp/list/en/facultyinfo/estudillo_jonna/|
|Tatsuo Oyama [Public Policy]||http://www.grips.ac.jp/list/en/facultyinfo/oyama_tatsuo/|
Other faculty members are listed at: http://www.grips.ac.jp/en/about/directory/faculty_atoz/
|Date||Event & things to-do|
|Oct.||5||Entrance Guidance and Orientation|
|Oct.||7||Classes for Fall Term & Fall (Session I) begin|
|Dec.||2||Classes for Fall (Session II) begin|
|Feb.||78||Classes for Winter Term begin|
|April||6||Classes for Spring Term & Spring (Session I) begin|
|Jun||1||Classes for Spring (Session II) begin|
|July.||310||Classes for Summer Term begin|
Reference: Academic Calendar for 2015-2016 http://www.grips.ac.jp/en/education/information/calendar/
One of the most distinct features of GRIPS is that it provides students a precious opportunity to synthesize the latest academic knowledge of the global standard and practical knowledge for policy operations. We firmly believe that the systematic learning opportunity on Japan’s policy experiences as well as the rare access to the latest finding to be gained from the comparative study on leadership and management in Asian public organizations would enable the students to enhance their practical capacity required for future leaders who would spearhead the reform initiatives for more effective, efficient and resilient public organizations.